Jacques BLANCHARD (Paris, 1600-1638).
Tarquinius and Lucretia.
Oil on canvas.
Height: 97 cm (38 in.) - Width: 131,5 cm (51-3/4 in.).
In Roman History, Livy presents Lucretia as a noble and virtuous Roman lady, from an old important family. Sextus Tarquinius, son of the king-tyrant Tarquin the Proud, takes advantage of her husband's absence to intrude her room. Armed, he tries to seduce her and threatened to kill her if she did not give herself up to him.
Constraint, Lucretia yielded to Sextus. The next day she informed her father and husband and made them swear to avenge her. She then killed himself with a dagger.
This episode from 6th century BC, marked the end of the Tarquinius monarchy which was the seventh and last king. It was also the beginning of the Republic in which Collatinus, husband of Lucretia, was one of the first consuls. With Livy, women played an effective role as forerunners of great political changes.
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- 参照号码 Expertissim : 2010120088